Africa is one of the world’s most exciting continents, and has many draws to attract bolder travellers. From the modern bustle of Cape Town to the untamed wilds of the Sahel, the region brings a wide variety of risks worth understanding. If you (or someone you know) is travelling to Africa and you would like comprehensive custom-made travel security advice or access to our advice and support telephone number, please get in touch!


Disclaimer

The information provided by How Safe Is My Trip Ltd (England & Wales registered company number 10953024) is intended to help you navigate a dangerous world, but is not intended to replace common sense or entirely remove the risks associated with travelling. Unforeseen circumstances are an inevitability with travel and as a result not everything can be planned for. While we endeavour to provide you with the most accurate and up-to-date information, we live in a rapidly changing world where not all risks can be predicted or mitigated against. By making use of the information provided to you by How Safe Is My Trip Ltd, you acknowledge that any dangers you are exposed to by travelling are faced at your own risk. The information provided by How Safe Is My Trip Ltd should not be considered a recommendation in favour of any particular destination. As an England & Wales registered company, interaction between How Safe Is My Trip Ltd, the general public, and clients will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the England & Wales and shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England & Wales.


How Dangerous is Terrorism in Africa?

Although Africa has seen a surge in terrorism-related events in recent years, especially surrounding the intensification of the Boko Haram conflict in Nigeria, the reality is much of this large and diverse region remains unaffected. The chances of being caught in an attack depends significantly on which countries you are visiting, and what sort of traveller you are. For the cautious traveller, there are simple steps you can take to better protect yourself and advice to follow in the event of being caught in a situation. Get in touch to find out if our travel safety and security advice is right for you.


How Safe is Travel to Angola

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Despite a large international presence in Luanda, most organisations operating in Angola have security arrangements in place for staff and travellers. Crime is a problem, and can range from armed muggings through to petty theft. Travelling after dark is particularly risky throughout the country. Carjackings and kidnappings are also a problem in Angola.

Landmines and unexploded military ordinance are a threat in Angola, especially in rural areas. Travellers should be extremely cautious if travelling offroad, and should pay special attention to all minefield markings. You are advised to familiarise yourself with what landmines and explosives may look like ahead of your trip.


How Safe is Travel to Benin

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Crime is a particular problem in Benin, ranging from armed muggings through to petty theft such. Foreign nationals may find themselves specifically targeted due to their perceived wealth, and should avoid displaying valuables or cash. Pick-pocketing is very common in crowded areas popular with tourists, and especially on the Voodoo Day public holiday. The use of a local guide is encouraged.


How Safe is Travel to Botswana

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Botswana is one of Africa’s safer destinations, and crimes against foreign visitors are rare. Despite this, crime rates are increasing and urban areas such as Maun, Gaborone, and Francistown have seen an increase in armed criminality.

Safari-travellers to Botswana should be mindful that the nation’s wildlife is untamed and can be dangerous. The use of reputable local guides is advised when travelling to wilderness areas.

Due to recent reports of sexual assault, lone female travellers may wish to seek additional travel advice prior to visiting Botswana.


How Safe is Travel to Burkina Faso

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Burkina Faso has seen crime rates increasing in recent years, including incidents involving armed gangs. Travel after dark is particularly dangerous, and armed bandits are known to set up improvised road blocks to rob travellers along the country’s roads. Petty crime, such as pick-pocketing and bag-snatching is also a problem in urban areas.

Foreign visitors are likely to attract significant attention countrywide, and may be targeted with inflated prices.


How Safe is Travel to Burundi

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Although Burundi’s civil war has been winding down in recent years, attacks by rebel forces continue sporadically. Armed bandits are a problem nationwide, and crime rates remain high.

Burundi is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Cameroon

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Armed banditry remains a problem in Cameroon, in particular in Douala, Yaoundé, Ngouandere and Bafoussam. Kidnappings of foreign visitors by militant groups (including Boko Haram) have also occurred frequently in recent years. Border regions should also be avoided due to the increased risk of car-jackings and kidnap for ransom.

Cameroon is also home to natural dangers. Lake Nyos in the North West Province emitted a large outgassing of carbon dioxide in 1986 which killed 1,700 people. The outgassing occured without warning and could happen again at any time.

Cameroon is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to the Central African Republic

Extreme risk – Do not travel

The Central African Republic is currently engaged in a violent civil war, and as such travel is not recommended at this time. If you are required to travel to the CAR, you are advised to consider our specialist travel support services.


How Safe is Travel to Chad

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Rural Chad is a dangerous place, with rebel attacks, armed banditry and violence being common occurrences. While N’Djamena is safer, crime is a significant problem, and ranges from armed robbery through to petty theft. Foreigners may be particularly targeted due to their perceived wealth.

The northern regions of Borkou, Ennedi and Tibesti bordering Libya are particularly dangerous due to the risk of landmines and unexploded military ordinance. Travellers should be extremely cautious if travelling offroad, and should pay special attention to all minefield markings. You are advised to familiarise yourself with what landmines and explosives may look like ahead of your trip.

Chad is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Congo (Brazzaville)

Medium risk – Travel with caution

The security environment in Congo depends significantly on which part of the country you visit. In Brazzaville and other urban areas, the main concern is criminality in the form of theft. Congo has also seen an increase in political unrest in recent years, and travellers are advised to avoid all demonstrations and protests.

In some rural areas, and in particular the Pool region, armed banditry and rebel activity is a threat, and as such these regions should be avoided. A permit is required from the Congolese army to travel in the Pool region, and a military escort may be required.


How Safe is Travel to the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Extreme risk – Do not travel

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is currently engaged in a violent civil war, and as such travel is not recommended at this time. If you are required to travel to the DRC, you are advised to consider our specialist travel support services.


How Safe is Travel to Côte d’Ivoire

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Crime is a significant problem in Côte d’Ivoire. This ranges from petty crime through to more violent risks, such as car-jacking. Extortion by security forces is also a problem, and the police, gendarmerie and customs & border agents are known to frequently solicit bribes in the form of fake fines or to allow passage through checkpoints.

The border with Liberia and adjacent regions should be avoided due to the risks posed by armed militants and bandits. Côte d’Ivoire has also been targeted by Al Qaeda-affiliated terrorist groups in recent years.


How Safe is Travel to Djibouti

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Foreign visitors to Djibouti have found themselves increasingly targeted by criminals in recent years, and crimes can range from petty theft through to muggings. Terrorism is also a risk in Djibouti, especially from Somalian groups such as Al Shabaab.

The Djibouti-Eritrea border should be avoided due to increased military and political tensions. The Djibouti-Somalia border should also be treated with caution, due to the limited presence of security forces.

Djibouti is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Equatorial Guinea

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime rates in Equatorial Guinea are lower than in neighbouring countries, however petty theft remains a problem. Robberies against travellers in taxis in both Malabo and Bata have been reported in recent months. Corruption is common, and travellers may encounter extortion attempts by police and military personnel.

Travellers wishing to visit areas outside of Malabo on the island, and outside of Bata on the mainland will need special approval from the local authorities. Security checkpoints are frequent, and you should carry your passport with you at all times.


How Safe is Travel to Eritrea

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Due to a large percentage of Eritrea’s population being enlisted in civilian militias, firearms are a common sight across the country. Unfortunately this means that armed criminality is a growing problem, although generally the biggest issue facing travellers is typically petty theft.

Travellers are advised to avoid all of Eritrea’s land borders due to increased military and political tensions with neighbouring states. There are also reports of landmines having been emplaced the borders, and as such off-road travel in these areas is extremely dangerous.

Eritrea is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Ethiopia

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Crime rates in Ethiopia are high and rising, and range from petty theft through to violent robbery and muggings. Rural areas have seen an increase in armed banditry, and solo travel in the countryside is not encouraged. Scams involving child beggars are increasingly common, and at times can lead to the aggressive harassment of foreigners.

Terrorism is a threat in Ethiopia, and there have been a number of attacks against targets popular with foreign visitors this year, including hotels and restaurants. Ethiopia’s border regions should be avoided due to tensions with neighbouring states and the risk of cross-border banditry and militant activity. Eastern Ethiopia should also be avoided due to the presence of active Somali militant groups. The Oromiya and Afar regions are also home to active militant groups.

Ethiopia is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Gabon

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime is a problem in Gabon, and ranges from petty theft to armed robbery. There have also been reports of sexual assaults against foreign visitors in recent months. It is especially dangerous after dark in both urban and rural regions, including beaches.

Political unrest can be a problem in Gabon, and travellers are encouraged to avoid all rallies and protests.


How Safe is Travel to Ghana

Low risk – Travel

Ghana is considered to be a lower risk destination than most African countries. Crime rates are typically low and limited to petty theft, and the country is generally politically stable. That said, there have been incidents of foreign visitors being specifically targeted due to their perceived wealth. While Accra does occasionally see large scale protests, these are generally peaceful but should be avoided nonetheless as a precaution.

Rural Ghana should be approached with caution, especially the Northern, Upper East and Volta Regions, due to sporadic flare ups of inter-ethnic violence.

Ghana is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Guinea

Extreme risk – Do not travel

Guinea is currently not recommended for travel due to extremely high rates of armed criminality, banditry and political unrest. Corruption is an extreme problem in Guinea, and extortion of foreign visitors by security forces is common.  If you are required to travel to Guinea, you are advised to consider our specialist travel support services.


How Safe is Travel to Kenya

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Despite a long history as a popular tourist destination due to its spectacular wildlife and fascinating tribal heritage, Kenya has become an increasingly dangerous place in recent years. Crime rates are high, and foreign visitors are specifically targeted due to their perceived wealth. This can range from petty theft through to armed robbery and car-jackings. Armed banditry and militancy is a particular problem in Northern Kenya, and travel in this area in any thing less than an armed convoy is discouraged. Corruption is also a problem due to low government salaries, and as such foreign visitors may be targeted for extortion and bribe solicitation.

Terrorism is a significant threat in Kenya, and Somalia-based militant groups have been known to specifically target foreigners. Western Kenya, in particular along the Kenya-Uganda border, should be approached with extreme caution due to the risks of armed militant and bandit groups operating in the area.

Kenya is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Lesotho

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime is a problem in Lesotho, and ranges from muggings through to car-jackings. The capital city of Maseru has experienced increasing reports of robbery in recent years, and particularly of attacks on both pedestrians and drivers after dark.

Healthcare is a particular concern in Lesotho, having the 3rd highest HIV rates in the world, amounting to 25% of the population being infected. Medical facilities in Lesotho are considered to be extremely basic and often of poor quality. Travellers in need of medical attention should consider crossing into South Africa where possible and safe to do so.


How Safe is Travel to Liberia

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Weapons are commonplace in Liberia, and as such armed criminality and banditry is a significant problem. Although the United Nations presence in Monrovia has stabilised the situation in the capital, rural Liberia remains restive and clashes between armed groups sporadically occur.

It should be noted that British travelers to Liberia may be specifically targeted due to the UK government’s imprisonment of former leader Charles Taylor, and are urged to seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Madagascar

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime is a problem in Madagascar, but is typically limited to petty theft. Violent attacks are rare, but have been reported in parts of Antananarivo, especially after dark. Batterie Beach to the north of Toliara should be avoided due to a string of fatal attacks. Political instability is also a risk in Madagascar, and travellers should avoid all rallies and protests.

Overland trips in rural Madagascar should be taken with care due to the risk of armed banditry and attacks on vehicles.

Madagascar is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Malawi

Low risk – Travel

Malawi is one of the most welcoming and hospitable countries in Africa, although petty crime can be a problem. Muggings and bag-snatching can be a problem, with the bus terminals in Lilongwe and Blantyre being particular hotspots. Car-jackings are not unheard of in Malawi, and drivers should be particularly cautious after dark. Offroad-capable vehicles are known to be especially popular amongst thieves.

Malawi is a somewhat conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Mali

Extreme risk – Do not travel

Due to the ongoing armed conflict and insurgency, alongside high levels of banditry, travel to Mali is not advised. Northern Mali is particularly dangerous due to the presence of heavily armed militant separatist groups. Landmines and unexploded military ordinance are also a significant threat across Mali. If you are required to travel to Mali, you are advised to consider our specialist travel support services.


How Safe is Travel to Mauritania

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Armed banditry, militancy and kidnappings are a common problem in Mauritania, in particular in the North of the country. This is a significant risk for travellers considering overland journeys from Algeria and Morocco, and jihadi groups are known to target foreigners for kidnappings in this region. Landmines are also a concern along the border with Western Sahara, and offroad travel is not advised in this area.

Protests and demonstrations are a feature of daily life in urban Mauritania, and while most are generally peaceful, large gatherings should be avoided as a precaution. Crime rates are increasing in Mauritania, and in particular travellers are advised to exercise caution in Nouakchott after dark.

Mauritania is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Mozambique

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime is a problem in Mozambique, and Maputo has seen an increase in armed muggings and car-jackings in recent years. Kidnap for ransom is also a problem in Mozambique. Corruption is also an issue, and foreign visitors may encounter solicitations from bribes from police, military and other government officials. Unfortunately the problem is widespread to the point that insisting on paying questionable fines at a police station is unlikely to improve the situation.

Militia violence, while decreasing in frequency, is still a problem in Mozambique. This is particularly problematic around Vilanculos.

While all known minefields have been declared officially cleared in Mozambique, legacy explosives and landmines may remain in remote rural areas. Travellers to Mozambique are encouraged to exercise caution when travelling off-road, and should familiarise themselves with what landmines look like prior to their trip.

Mozambique is a somewhat conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Namibia

Low risk – Travel

Namibia is considered relatively safe by regional standards, although criminality is rising in the capital Windhoek. Armed muggings are a particular problem after dark throughout the city, and in many cases have involved taxi drivers. Foreign visitors are often specifically targeted due to their perceived wealth, in particular in the Walvis Bay, Swakopmund and Henties Bay areas. Credit card skimming is also known to be a problem in Namibia.

Although Namibia suffers from a 25% HIV infection rate, local hospitals are considered modern and capable.


How Safe is Travel to Niger

Extreme risk – Do not travel

Travel to Niger is not advised due to widespread political instability, militancy and armed banditry. Northern Niger is particularly dangerous due to the presence of heavily armed militant groups. If you are required to travel to Niger, you are advised to consider our specialist travel support services.


How Safe is Travel to Nigeria

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Crime levels are high in Nigeria, and foreign visitors may be specifically targeted due to their perceived wealth. Armed banditry, car-jacking and other violent crimes are a common problem. Kidnappings are a particular risk in Nigeria, with jihadi groups targeting foreigners for ideological kidnappings in the North, and militant groups conducting kidnap-for-random activities in the Niger Delta region.

Terrorism is a particular concern in Nigeria, with the Islamic State-affiliated Boko Haram militant group seeking to conduct attacks across the country.

Nigeria is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Rwanda

Low risk – Travel

Crime is a problem in Rwanda, and can range from petty theft through to armed robbery, particularly in Kigali. Grenade attacks against political gatherings are a common risk in Rwanda, and travellers are strongly encouraged to avoid all large gatherings.

Gorilla-viewing trips are popular among foreign visitors to Rwanda, however you are encouraged to use only reputable tour guides for such trips. Most tours take place close to the Rwanda-DRC border, where there is a large military presence and the risk of occasional cross-border raids and shelling.


How Safe is Travel to Senegal

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime is a significant problem in Senegal, and visitors to Dakar in particular will face the risk of pick-pocketing and street scams. Corruption is also a problem, and foreign visitors may be specifically targeted for extortion due to their perceived wealth. Police checkpoints are common, and passports should be carried at all times.

The Casamance region is home to an ongoing low-level insurgency, and should be avoided.

Senegal is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Sierra Leone

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime presents a problem for visitors to Sierra Leone, in particular in Freetown. Pick-pocketing and bag-snatching are common, although violent crime is less of a problem. Scams involving counterfeit gold and diamond sales are common, and may specifically target foreign visitors. Corruption is still a problem, and although the risk is decreasing, you may be targeted for bribe solicitation by security forces. Fake roadblocks are also a problem, but are typically constructed by children looking to extract a bribe in exchange for passage.


How Safe is Travel to Somalia

Extreme risk – Do not travel

Travel to Somalia is not advised due to elevated political instability, kidnap risks, militancy and armed banditry. If you are required to travel to Somalia, you are advised to consider our specialist travel support services.


How Safe is Travel to South Africa

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

South Africa is home to extremely high crime rates, including violent crime, car-jacking and homicide. Foreigners have been known to be specifically targeted for robbery, and there have been reports of visitors being followed by vehicle from Tambo International Airport in Johannesburg to their destination before being robbed. Thefts from luggage have also been reported at Tambo Airport.

While tourist areas of the country are considered safer, displays of wealth should be avoided and the use of a reputable security-trained local chauffeur service is strongly encouraged. Hiking in remote areas should only be conducted in large groups, and there have been reports of muggings on Table Mountain hiking trails. The Berea and Hillbrow areas and Rotunda bus terminus in Johannesburg, and Durban’s city centre and beach front area are particularly notorious for criminal activity. Township tours are strongly discouraged. Armed banditry is a problem in rural areas, especially after dark in Northern KwaZulu Natal and Zululand.


How Safe is Travel to South Sudan

Extreme risk – Do not travel

Due to elevated armed conflict, militancy and banditry risks, travel to South Sudan is not advised. If you are required to travel to South Sudan, you are advised to consider our specialist travel support services.


How Safe is Travel to Sudan

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Relations with South Sudan remain extremely tense, and military confrontations take place frequently along the border. South and Western Sudan should be avoided due to increased military tensions, armed banditry and militancy. The Darfur region should also be avoided due to the ongoing conflict. Official permits are required before travelling outside of Khartoum, including to tourist sites.

Sudan is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Swaziland

Low risk – Travel

Crime rates are low in Swaziland, although may be under-reported. Petty crimes such as pick-pocketing and minor scams are a risk, and foreigners may be specifically targeted due to their perceived wealth. Insulting or criticising King Mswati III or the royal family of Swaziland is firmly discouraged due to the risk of eliciting a violent response from locals. Care should be taken when crossing Swaziland’s land borders, especially those shared with Mozambique, due to incidents involving trigger-happy border guards.

Swaziland has the highest prevalence of HIV in the world, and nearly 1 in 3 people are infected.


How Safe is Travel to Tanzania

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Crime is a problem in Tanzania, particularly around tourist areas in Arusha, Stone Town and Dar es Salaam. Muggings, pick-pocketing and scams are frequently targeted against foreigners due to their perceived wealth, and travel after dark is not encouraged. Taxi drivers are often implicated in robberies, and travellers are encouraged to use a reputable chauffeur service. Banditry and car-jacking is a problem in rural areas, particularly after dark. Corruption is a problem in Tanzania, and foreign visitors may encounter demands for bribes.

Terrorism is a risk in Tanzania, and both affiliates of Al Qaeda and the Islamic State are thought to be active in the country.

Tanzania is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Uganda

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime is a problem in Uganda, in particular in Kampala, and can range from pick-pocketing through to muggings after dark. The use of chloroform gas has been reported in domestic burglaries in Kampala, and hotels hosting foreign visitors may be specifically targeted.

Northwestern Uganda should be avoided due to frequent violent tribal clashes and armed banditry. Terrorism is a risk in Uganda, and jihadi groups have threatened to conduct attacks in Kampala due to the nation’s involvement in peace-keeping missions across Africa.

Uganda is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Western Sahara

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

Governance of Western Sahara is disputed between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, however the majority of the territory is occupied by Morocco. A militarised fortification known as “the Berm” separates the Moroccan-controlled territory from the rest of Western Sahara, Mauritania and Algeria. The Berm should be avoided due to the presence of huge minefields and the risk of being fired upon by military forces.


How Safe is Travel to Zambia

Medium risk – Travel with caution

Crime is a problem across Zambia, especially after dark. Armed robbery, car-jackings and sexual assaults have all been reported in recent years. Corruption is a significant issue in Zambia, and foreign visitors may find themselves targeted for extortion due to their perceived wealth.

Political unrest can lead to violent protests across Zambia, and as such large gatherings and rallies should be avoided.

Legacy landmines and unexploded military ordinance poses a threat in rural areas near the borders with Angola, Mozambique and DRC. Travellers are encouraged to avoid travelling off-road, and to familiarise themselves with what landmines look like prior to their trip.

Zambia is a conservative country, and as such travellers from the LGBT community should seek advice prior to travel.


How Safe is Travel to Zimbabwe

High risk – Carefully consider necessity of travel

We have temporarily elevated our travel security risk rating for Zimbabwe due to the ongoing political uncertainty enveloping Harare. At present, it appears that the military is in the process of taking control of the country, however details remain unclear. Travellers are advised to seek further information prior to travelling.

Crime is a problem in Zimbabwe, and the economic turmoil gripping the country has only served to exacerbate this problem. Cash shortages are an issue, and travellers should ensure that they carry enough U.S. Dollars (the most widely accepted currency) to last the duration of their trip.

Travellers to Zimbabwean safari or game lodges are encouraged to use only reputable tour providers, as safety standards vary dramatically between lodges. Fuel availability is sporadic, and as such wilderness trips should be carefully planned and should incorporate the use of a reputable local guide.


The author of this article is a former British Army Intelligence Officer with several years experience working and living in Europe, the Middle East and Asia-Pacific in a variety of geopolitical intelligence, travel security and corporate security roles.

If you (or someone you know) is travelling to Africa and you would like comprehensive custom-made travel security advice or access to our emergency advice and support telephone number, please get in touch!


Disclaimer

The information provided by How Safe Is My Trip Ltd (England & Wales registered company number 10953024) is intended to help you navigate a dangerous world, but is not intended to replace common sense or entirely remove the risks associated with travelling. Unforeseen circumstances are an inevitability with travel and as a result not everything can be planned for. While we endeavour to provide you with the most accurate and up-to-date information, we live in a rapidly changing world where not all risks can be predicted or mitigated against. By making use of the information provided to you by How Safe Is My Trip Ltd, you acknowledge that any dangers you are exposed to by travelling are faced at your own risk. The information provided by How Safe Is My Trip Ltd should not be considered a recommendation in favour of any particular destination. As an England & Wales registered company, interaction between How Safe Is My Trip Ltd, the general public, and clients will be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the England & Wales and shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of England & Wales.


 Photo credit: Hein Waschefort